Pictograms should be used with care. Pictograms should be supported by written or oral communication. Pictograms should be performance tested on the population they are meant for.


Ros Dowes and Tina Ehlers at Rhodes University, South Africa have made very important research on pictograms and medicine. They presented their results at the FIP congress in 1999. Pharmaceutical Journal wrote an article about it.   Link    Article


Ros Dowse, South Africa.

Evaluation of the REALM health literacy test in a developing country.

Presentation FIP congress Nice, September 2002



USP Pictograms


HSRPP Abstracts- Developing effective medicine pictograms for the UK



Literature on research about pictograms

 graphic symbols


Regis Vaillancourt, Canada.

Pictograms: A continuous quality improvement initiative.

Presentation FIP congress New Orleans September 2004


Regis Vaillancourt, et al

Design, Development and Evaluation of Pictographic Instructions for Medicines

Presentation FIP congress Cairo September 2005